The Local Government Unit

HERITAGE

Pre Historical  Background

Most of  the islands across Catbalogan were part of the Samar mainland, and much of what  is now the bottom of Maqueda bay stood above water, an alluvial plain, and a  few thousand years ago. It went underwater. As the rocks tell on its Samar  arc’s western edge down warped; resulting in a vertical fault running from  northwest to southeast “between and beyond” Calbayog City and  Catbalogan. This rotated thirty degrees clockwise. The glacial melting raised  the sea level by ten meters at the highest. The water rose fairly rapidly in  geological terms. By 1400 BC Catbalogan’s topological setting was complete: a  narrow crescent of coastal plain bounded by the setting was complete: a narrow  crescent of coastal plain bounded by the Antiao River on the north, by an arc of  hills on the east and the south, by Maqueda bay on the west. On the newly risen  waters, new islands that in time would be named now as Barangays under the  Municipality of Catbalogan namely – Cabugawan, Buri, Darahuway, Basiao and  Majaba. Lithic artifacts like flake blades and burins had been dug up on some  of them, mostly notably from Buad or Municipality of Zumarraga now, where the  digging turned up enough evidence to indicate a stone tool industry. From Buad  came Catbalogan’s first settlers, according to legend. For a fact, the first  Catbalogan’s were typical of the early peoples in the Maqueda Bay coastal area,  who often buried their dead in a jars along with “old jewelry, pottery and  other vessels of antiquity”, which the 17th century Jesuit chronicler said  were found “not infrequently” in hidden grave sites, like those dug  up in 1922-1924 near Catbalogan. Thus, confirming that Catbalogan is an old  settlement.

Legendary Origins

It is  said that Catbalogan was originally known as KATBALAUGAN, after a shrub called  “balaug” that used to thrive along its seashore and the sandy banks  at the mouth of the Antiao River. Before the coming of the Spaniards, fishermen  from the Island of Buad (now Zumarraga), whose custom was to set out fish at  the start of the dark nights of the “Katdulom” phase of the month’s  cycle and return only when they ended, would run their boats up this balaug –  lined shore of the Samar mainland to rinse their fishing nets (pagsawsaw  hanpocot) in the Antiao River and, having hung the nets out to dry on the  shrubs, take a rest. It was just a place to lie down but a good one, for later  those fishermen permanently settled with their families in the  Kabalaugan:  Balaug Land.

In short,  before the once uninhabited place metamorphosed into a small settlement, then  to a pueblo and today a booming town, it started with a simple and humble  beginning purely influenced and dictated by Mother Nature – its God’s given  geography. The uninhabited place was a coastal plain and on its interior side  was plain to moderately rolling and steep. And it is embraced or surrounded by  the Marine Rich Maqueda Bay (the Fish Basket of the Region) and it is the place  where the fresh water of the huge Antiao River meets the calm seawater of the  Maqueda Bay. The place became a safe haven for seafarers, fishermen and sailors  for a temporary mooring and sanctuary to take a break from long sea journey,  katdulom, bad weather and above all a refuge from marauding Moro Pirates.  During that period, the place was teeming with moored small and big sailboats  when the northwest and southwest monsoons blew during the month of July, August  and September – “Habagat,” where the weather is almost unfriendly to  small fishermen.

Arrival of the Jesuits  and becoming the Cabecera of Samar

October  15, 1596. The Jesuits firstly landed a little north of Catbalogan, in Tinago,  Tarangnan, and there set up their first mission residence and became the  conquista in Samar. Villages were converted into a pueblo by being merged with  nearby villages of Cotay, Cawayan, Canhawan and others. The Catbalogan  Residence has jurisdiction over six pueblos: Catbalogan itself, Calbiga,  Paranas, Bangahun (now Gandara), Yvatan and Capul. Since the Jesuits double as  administrators and engage in trade (they have warehouses in Catbalogan and  Paranas for wax, pearls, medicinal plants), Catbalogan became not only a  missionary center but also a center of Government and Commerce: the CABECERA  (CENTER) OF SAMAR.

Moro Raids

1600 –  1800. Two centuries of Moro raids ravage the coast of Samar. Every year the  Moros came to plunder the towns, find wives; carry off men and women to be sold  in Bornean Slave markets. Catbalogan was not spared. But the chain of moro  raids inflicted in the whole Samar Island during that period, Catbalogan  fortification and defenses was the most feared by the Camucones or Moro  Raiders.

Brisk Trading

1850s as  the Moro raids die off, commerce revives, and exports from Catbalogan to Manila  and Cebu grow. Varied products from the whole Island of Samar are sold to  Catbalogan merchants and transshipped by bulk directly to Manila and Cebu.

The  trading was so rapid, that in 1872 a wharf for steamships and mail service was  proposed in Catbalogan. 1893 two steamships from Luzon call the port of  Catbalogan every fifteen days.

Merchants  who were mostly Chinese mestizos were handling most of the trading then.

The Church of  Catbalogan (1760 or 1762)

A great  fire destroys the beautiful church that the Jesuits built in Catbalogan, which  had been under their administration for some 152 years, however, when the  following King Charles II’s order of the previous year expelling them from all  Spanish territories, the Jesuits leave Catbalogan in 1768. Their place had been  taken over by the Franciscans. Historically and perennially, Catbalogan is the  “Cabecera” Capital Place since the Pre Spanish time and up to the  present. In the year 1600s, Samar Island became one province. Later the Island  Province was divided into three provinces, Catbalogan remain to be the  Provincial Capital of Western Samar – now Samar.

After  centuries of being a trading center and a “melting pot” it evolved  into what it is today; a “Booming Metropolis” or the center of In  Migration where it is now branded as the, “Trucking Services Capital of  the Region.” Its external trading partners are; Luzon, Cebu and Mindanao  linked by Maharlika/Nautical Highway where Catbalogan is the mid point and lone  corridor from Luzon to Mindanao making the place the Main Regional Terminal of  inter-regional busses.

STATISTICS

Country:              
Philippines
Region:                
Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Province:                
Samar
Congessiona District:                
2nd District of Samar
Land Area:               
27,422 Hectares
Population:               
92454
Numbers of Barangays:               
57 Barangays
Number of Households:               
17,367 Households
Average Household Size:               
17,367 Households
Average Population Density:                
348 person/sq. kilometer

Ordinances and Resolutions

ORDINANCE NO. 2007-022

AN ORDINANCE DECLARING  JUNE 16, 2007 AS THE CHARTER DAY OF THE CITY OF CATBALOGAN AND DIRECTING FOR  THE ISSUANCE OF NEW APPOINTMENTS TO ALL OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES OF THIS LOCAL  GOVERNMENT UNIT (LGU) REFLECTING THEREIN THE CHANGE IN THE SALARY SCHEDULE FOR  SECOND CLASS PROVINCES AND CITIES WHICH IT CURRENTLY USES TO THE SALARY  SCHEDULE OF FIRST CLASS PROVINCES AND CITIES EFFECTIVE JUNE 16, 2007 AS PROVIDED  IN R.A. NO. 9391 AND OTHER RELATED LAWS

EXPLANATORY NOTE:

WHEREAS, R.A. No. 9391  entitled: “An Act Converting the Municipality of Catbalogan in the  Province of Samar into a Component City to be known as the City of  Catbalogan” officially created the Cityhood of the Municipality of  Catbalogan after its ratification by a majority vote cast for the purpose in  the Plebiscite on June 16, 2007 and

WHEREAS, Section 458 on  the Powers, Duties, Functions and Compensation of the Sangguniang Panlungsod,  par 1.viii provides:

“Determine the positions and the salaries, wages, allowances and  other emoluments and benefits of officials and employees paid wholly or mainly  from city funds . . .”  and to this end:-

BE IT ORDAINED by the Sangguniang  Panlungsod, City of Catbalogan, Samar, that:

Section 1. June 16, 2007  is hereby declared the Founding / Charter Day of the City of Catbalogan to be  marked by an annual celebration thereafter.

Section 2. Concomitant  to the Founding Day of the City of Catbalogan on June 16, 2007, the Salary  Schedule for Second Class Provinces and Cities it adopted prior to its Cityhood  pursuant to LBC No. 74 dated June 15, 2001 shall be correspondingly adjusted to  the Salary Schedule for First Class Provinces and Cities as complemented by the  provision of Chapter V par. C-2-2.6 of the Primer on Position Classification  and Compensation Administration for Local Government Units  issued by the  Department of Budget and Management (DBM).

Section 3. This  Ordinance takes effect retroactive June 16, 2007.

Section 4. To furnish  the HRMO-Designate and the Finance Committee of this City with a copy of this  Ordinance for their information and appropriate action.

APPROVED:   Unanimously.

ENACTED:         June 21, 2007.

Municipalities / Baranggays

Albalate Palanyogon
Bagongon Pangdan
Bangon Payao
Basiao Poblacion 1 (Barangay 1)
Buluan Poblacion 2 (Barangay 2)
Bunuanan Poblacion 3 (Barangay 3)
Cabugawan Poblacion 4 (Barangay 4)
Cagudalo Poblacion 5 (Barangay 5)
Cagusipan Poblacion 6 (Barangay 6)
Cagutian Poblacion 7 (Barangay 7)
Cagutsan Poblacion 8 (Barangay 8)
Canhawan Guti Poblacion 9 (Barangay 9)
Canlapwas (Pob.) Poblacion 10 (Barangay 10)
Cawayan Poblacion 11 (Barangay 11)
Cinco Poblacion 12 (Barangay 12)
Darahuway Daco Poblacion 13 (Barangay 13)
Darahuway Guti Muñoz (Poblacion 14)
Estaka Pupua
Guinsorongan Guindaponan
Iguid Rama
Lagundi San Andres
Libas San Pablo
Lobo San Roque
Manguehay San Vicente
Maulong Silanga
Mercedes Totoringon
Mombon Ibol
New Mahayag Socorro
Old Mahayag
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